Jack expertly uses the beast to manipulate the other boys by establishing the beast as his tribe’s common enemy, common idol, and common system of beliefs all in one. Jack invokes different aspects of the beast depending on which effects he wants to achieve. He uses the boys’ fear of the beast to justify his iron-fisted control of the group and the violence he perpetrates. He sets up the beast as a sort of idol in order to fuel the boys’ bloodlust and establish a cultlike view toward the hunt. The boys’ belief in the monster gives Lord of the Flies religious undertones, for the boys’ various nightmares about monsters eventually take the form of a single monster that they all believe in and fear. By leaving the sow’s head in the forest as an offering to the beast, Jack’s tribe solidifies its collective belief in the reality of the nightmare. The skull becomes a kind of religious totem with extraordinary psychological power, driving the boys to abandon their desire for civilization and order and give in to their violent and savage impulses.
The recent decades have witnessed concerns about the ethical issues of animal testing in numerous products' manufacturing. There are those who contend that animal experimentation is of utmost importance in the development of medicines. Nonetheless, a staggering number of individuals claim that human have no moral right to do experiments on animals.
From one stance, it is widely acknowledged that the lives of all creatures should be respected. With the advance of technology, it is possible for researchers to obtain reliable experimental results from alternative methods. In truth, plant testing is a case in point, where one of the remarkable observations coming from research findings is that the use of plant experimentation in the development of cosmetic products generates same experimental data in comparison with the data generated by animal testing. In addition, there are some countries banned the use of animal testing for non-medical products.
From another stance, animal experimentation is a vital part in the development of medicines. Having tested by animals, medicines were cleared for human use. Furthermore, it does justify the suffering caused to animals if the drugs, which had been developed through the use of animal experimentation, save patients' lives. Interestingly enough, animal experimentation advanced medical and scientific knowledge. To illustrate, sending monkeys and non-human apes to space in order to collect information before human trial ensured the safety of astronauts. Needless to say, use of pigs in robotic surgery training to modify surgical technique is also a case in point.
Viewed as a whole, it is no doubt that animal experimentation is morally wrong. Nonetheless, it is said to be necessary evil where new drugs and medical procedures are concerned. To my way of thinking, it is pivotal for governments to ban animal testing in non-medical products and regulate the use of animal in medical products' development.