There were similar developments in many other continental European universities, and at least until reforms in the early 21st century many European countries (. Belgium, Spain, and the Scandinavian countries) had in all faculties triple degree structures of bachelor (or candidate) − licentiate − doctor as opposed to bachelor − master − doctor; the meaning of the different degrees varied a lot from country to country however. To this day this is also still the case for the pontifical degrees in theology and canon law: for instance, in Sacred theology the degrees are Bachelor of Sacred Theology (STB), Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL), and Doctor of Sacred Theology (STD), and in Canon law : Bachelor of Canon Law (JCB), Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL), and Doctor of Canon Law (JCD).
Students are admitted to this course through a two-layered selection procedure, comprising a written test and a personal interview. The written test covers five areas namely Quantitative methods for Research, Accounting Finance & Tax, International Business & Marketing, Human Resource Management & Law, and Economics. Written Test generally consists of objective type questions with negative marking. The written test is usually held in the month of July or August. The personal interview of the candidates qualifying the written test is usually held after one month from the date of written test.
Martha Meadows received her Master's degree in Social Work from Temple University in 1982. She has been a member of the National Association of Social Workers since 1990 as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. She has over twenty-five years of experience in treating mental health and substance abuse issues in out-patient and prison settings. Her extensive background in forensic issues fostered specialization in suicide assessments and prevention, codependency issues, depression, anxiety, anger management, drug and alcohol counseling, issues with ethics and boundaries, identification of abuse, and issues with death and dying. Martha’s therapeutic orientation combines cognitive behavioral therapy and supportive psychotherapy in the treatment of behavioral and mood disorders of adults and seniors. She works with individuals and couples. Martha is available in the Huntingdon Valley office.