The phrase can also be found in Chapter III, Article 13 of the 1947 Constitution of Japan , and in President Ho Chi Minh 's 1945 declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam . An alternative phrase "life, liberty, and property", is found in the Declaration of Colonial Rights , a resolution of the First Continental Congress . The Fifth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution declare that governments cannot deprive any person of "life, liberty, or property" without due process of law. Also, Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights reads, "Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person".
In 1837, Jefferson's first biographer, George Tucker , came to Jefferson's defense. In The Life of Thomas Jefferson , Tucker argued that Jefferson's Declaration of Independence had been fraudulently interpolated into the Mecklenburg Declaration.  North Carolina native Francis L. Hawks , a New York Anglican clergyman, responded that Jefferson had instead plagiarized the Mecklenburg Declaration.  Hawks's position was apparently supported by the discovery of a proclamation by Josiah Martin , the last royal governor of North Carolina, which seemed to confirm the authenticity of the Mecklenburg Declaration. In August 1775, Governor Martin had written that he had:
(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.